Cost-Aware Coalitions for Collaborative Tracking in Resource-Constrained Camera Networks

  • Juan C. SanMiguel and Andrea Cavallaro. Cost-Aware Coalitions for Collaborative Tracking in Resource-Constrained Camera Networks. IEEE Sensors Journal, 15(5):2657-2668, 2014. doi:10.1109/JSEN.2014.2367015
    [BibTeX] [Abstract]

    We propose an approach to create camera coalitions in resource-constrained camera networks and demonstrate it for collaborative target tracking. We cast coalition formation as a decentralized resource allocation process where the best cameras among those viewing a target are assigned to a coalition based on marginal utility theory. A manager is dynamically selected to negotiate with cameras whether they will join the coalition and to coordinate the tracking task. This negotiation is based not only on the utility brought by each camera to the coalition, but also on the associated cost (i.e. additional processing and communication). Experimental results and comparisons using simulations and real data show that the proposed approach outperforms related state-of-the-art methods by improving tracking accuracy in cost-free settings. Moreover, under resource limitations, the proposed approach controls the tradeoff between accuracy and cost, and achieves energy savings with only a minor reduction in accuracy.

    @Article{2014-11-SANMIGUEL,
    title={{Cost-Aware Coalitions for Collaborative Tracking in Resource-Constrained Camera Networks}},
    author={Juan C. SanMiguel and Andrea Cavallaro},
    journal={{IEEE Sensors Journal}},
    volume={15},
    number={5},
    pages={2657-2668},
    date={2014-11-04},
    year={2014},
    doi={10.1109/JSEN.2014.2367015},
    abstract={We propose an approach to create camera coalitions in resource-constrained camera networks and demonstrate it for collaborative target tracking. We cast coalition formation as a decentralized resource allocation process where the best cameras among those viewing a target are assigned to a coalition based on marginal utility theory. A manager is dynamically selected to negotiate with cameras whether they will join the coalition and to coordinate the tracking task. This negotiation is based not only on the utility brought by each camera to the coalition, but also on the associated cost (i.e. additional processing and communication). Experimental results and comparisons using simulations and real data show that the proposed approach outperforms related state-of-the-art methods by improving tracking accuracy in cost-free settings. Moreover, under resource limitations, the proposed approach controls the tradeoff between accuracy and cost, and achieves energy savings with only a minor reduction in accuracy.}
    }

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